A large Japanese troop and supply convoy reached Guadalcanal on the next day.  Her six-inch naval guns could fire five to six rounds per minute, with a barrel lifetime of about 500 rounds.  Provided that new additions did not exceed 3,000 tons of displacement, the existing capital ships were allowed to be upgraded with improved anti-torpedo bulges and armored main decks.  On 4 December 1941, the Main Body arrived off the coast of southern Thailand and northern Malaya in preparation for the invasion of Thailand and the Malayan Peninsula four days later. Â©2020 FOX News Network, LLC. Join me for some more World of Warships closed beta action.  Anti-torpedo bulges were added along the waterline, as permitted by the Washington Treaty. The torpedo hit there had torn a large gash in the bow. , In October 1944, Kongō departed from Lingga in preparation for "Operation Sho-1", Japan's counterattack during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval engagement in history. Each of her main guns could fire high explosive or armor-piercing shells 38,770 yards (19.14 nmi; 35.45 km) at a rate of about two shells per minute. , Throughout 1943, Kongō engaged no enemy targets. In August, two more 6-inch guns were removed and another eighteen single mounts installed. Military aircraft are automatically protected but vessels have to be specifically designated. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. WRECK OF WWII SHIP DISCOVERED 74 YEARS AFTER IT DISAPPEARED DURING A RESCUE MISSION, A sonar image of the Hiei on the seabed.  On 9 April, one of Haruna's reconnaissance seaplanes spotted the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes south of Trincomalee. , With the conclusion of World War I, and the signing of the Washington Naval Treaty on 6 February 1922, the size of the I.J.N. Shortly after midnight on 21 November, the submarine USS Sealion made radar contact with the fleet at 44,000 yards (40,000 m).  In January 1942, Kongō and the heavy cruisers Takao and Atago provided distant cover for air attacks on Ambon Island. Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers Shipbuilding Company.  Their heavy armament of 14-inch naval guns and their armor protection (which took up about 23.3% of their approximately 30,000-ton displacements in 1913) were greatly superior to those of any other Japanese capital ship afloat at the time. On the same day, Japanese air attacks sank the carrier, and Kongō was attacked but missed by nine British medium bombers. Haruna was a Kongo-class battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Amagi (天城) was an Unryū-class aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.Named after Mount Amagi, and completed late in the war, she never embarked her complement of aircraft and spent the war in Japanese waters. DBWI-Wreck of the USS Alaska Found. RV Petrel also posted sonar images of the battleship and her debris field on the seafloor.  In November 1934, Kongō was placed in Second Reserve in preparation for further modifications.  All parts used in her construction were manufactured in the U.K. Kongō was completed on 16 April 1913. When the German Empire did not respond, Japan declared war on Germany on 23 August, occupying the former German possessions in the Caroline Islands, Palau Islands, Marshall Islands, and Marianas Islands.  With the defeat of the German East Asia Squadron by the Royal Navy at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in December 1914, there was little or no need for I.J.N. KONGO HIJMS was built Built in Britain by Vickers & Son at Barrow. On October 25th, 1944, the 36,601 ton Japanese battleship KONGO was badly damaged by air attacks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.  Her main guns carried ammunition for 90 shots, and they had an approximate barrel lifetime of 250 to 280 shots. The Kongo is the last Japanese battleship yet to be found.  During her second reconstruction, the older three-inch guns were removed and then replaced with eight 5-inch (13 cm) 5-inch/40 calibre dual-purpose guns. Nagato (長門), named for Nagato Province, was a super-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). WRECKAGE OF WWII B-24 BOMBER DISCOVERED 74 YEARS AFTER IT WAS SHOT DOWN. KONGO BATTLECRUISER 1912-1944, wreck, wreck database. Market data provided by Factset. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. 20 January 1945: Removed from the Navy List. (RV Petrel).  On the night of 13 – 14 October, these two battleships shelled the area of Henderson Field from a distance of about 16,000 yards (15,000 m), firing 973 14-inch high-explosive shells.  The turrets were noted by the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence to be "similar to the British 15-inch turrets", with improvements made in flash-tightness. In late January 1943, she participated in "Operation Ke" as part of a diversionary and distant covering force to support I.J.N. Within fifteen minutes of detaching from the main force, Kongō was listing 45 degrees and flooding uncontrollably. Now fast enough to accompany Japan's growing carrier fleet, Kongō was reclassified as a fast battleship. At 5:18 the ship lost all power and the order was given to abandon ship. In mid-November, this battleship and other warships provided distant cover for the unsuccessful mission by the I.J.N. KONGO is the only IJN battleship sunk by a submarine during the war and the last battleship ever sunk by a submarine.  On 17 May 1943, in response to the U.S. Army's invasion of Attu Island, Kongō sortied alongside Musashi, the Third Battleship Division, two fleet carriers, two cruisers, and nine destroyers. The Main Body departed Cam Ranh Bay in French Indochina on 23 December bound for Taiwan, arriving two days later. Which one will be victorious? , During the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942, Kongō was attacked by four Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers, but she received no hits. they were seen as powerful ships in Britain, carrying 14" guns, which outdid the 13.5" currently arming the latest British capital ships then entering service.  In September, Kongō embarked with Hiei, Haruna, Kirishima, three carriers, and numerous smaller warships in response to the U.S. Marine Corps's amphibious landing on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. Legal Statement. (RV Petrel). 6 Results Romn: Heavy Hitters!  Kongō was launched on 18 May 1912, and then transferred to the dockyards of Portsmouth, England, where her fitting-out began in mid-1912. Throughout 1943, Kongō primarily remained at Truk Lagoon in the Caroline Islands, Kure Naval Base (near Hiroshima), Sasebo Naval Base (near Nagasaki), and Lingga Roads, and deployed several times in response to American aircraft carrier air raids on Japanese island bases scattered across the Pacific. was significantly limited, with a ratio of 5:5:3 required between the capital ships of the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Japanese Empire, since the latter was responsible for only one ocean, rather than the two of the other countries, and fewer warships for France and Italy. to bombard Henderson Field again and to deliver more Army reinforcements to Guadalcanal. Because of their high speeds, these two battleships could bombard the airfield and then withdraw before being subjected to air attack from either land-based warplanes or American aircraft carriers.  This reconstruction was finished on 8 January 1937. On 3 October 1915, Kongō and Hiei participated in the sinking of the old Imperator Nikolai I as a practice target. Haruna was also present at the battle off Samar, along with Kongo. or redistributed. Kongō participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Battle of Leyte Gulf in 1944 (22–23 October), engaging and sinking American vessels in the latter. 62 during maneuvers. She covered the Japanese Army's amphibious landings in British Malaya (part of present-day Malaysia) and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in 1942, before engaging American forces at the Battle of Midway and during the Guadalcanal Campaign.  After minor fitting-out work, Kongō's reconstruction begun in September 1929 and was declared complete on 31 March 1931.  In keeping with the Japanese doctrine of deploying more powerful vessels before their opponents, Kongō and her sister ships were the first vessels in the world equipped with 14-inch (36 cm) guns. On 15 November 1942, following the Japanese defeat and the sinking of Hiei and Kirishima during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the Third Battleship Division returned to Truk, where it remained for the rest of 1942. Twelve days later, she departed from Portsmouth headed for Japan. Legal Statement. "Tugboat Wreck" sunk ? In April 1938, two float planes from Kongō bombed the Chinese town of Foochow during the Second Sino-Japanese War.  When she returned to Japan, 13 triple and 40 single 25-mm mounts were added to her anti-aircraft armament, for a total of over 100 mounts. No.101 Class Landing Ship No.108 survived the Pacific War and surrendered to UK at Singapore Lo (CVE-63), and Kitkun Bay (CVE- 71) but scores no direct hits. On 20 September, this task force was ordered to return to the Truk Naval Base in the Central Pacific north of the equator. , On 25 February 1933, following a report by the Lytton Commission, the League of Nations agreed that Japan's invasion of China had violated Chinese sovereignty. Kirishima Damage Analysis Kirishima_Damage_Analysis.doc 28 September 2010 Page 5 were apt to go clear through the superstructure of small vessels before detonating.3 This was common for AP rounds as the thin steel in the superstructure did not provide enough deceleration to activate the fuze. On 27 February, Kongō was drydocked to receive upgrades to her antiaircraft armament, with the additions of two triple 25 mm gun mounts and the removal of two of her 6-inch turrets, while additional concrete protection was added near her steering gear. Romn: Good one! She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. All rights reserved. She was formally commissioned in 1913, and patrolled off the Chinese coast during World War I. Kongō underwent two major reconstructions. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. Eerie images posted to Facebook show Hiei’s 5-inch guns and intact glass portholes in the ship's barnacle-encrusted hull.  On 14 July she was assigned as the flagship of the restructured Third Battleship Division. In English sources often spelled Kongo. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. She succeeded in scoring numerous hits on the escort carrier Gambier Bay as well as the destroyers Hoel and Heermann. Kongō spent the rest of World War I either based at Sasebo, or on patrol off the coast of China. Researchers across the globe are working to locate sites of World War II wrecks.  Kongō bombarded Christmas Island off the western coast of Australia on 7 March 1942, and then she returned to Staring-baai for 15 days of standby alert. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. Three days later, the American submarine USS Sawfish spotted this naval task force, but she was unable to attack it. Imperial Japanese Navy ship Hiei, which sank on Nov. 14, 1942, was spotted on the seabed by experts from the research vessel RV Petrel. In 1933, aircraft catapults were fitted between the two rear turrets. No contact between the two forces was made, and the Japanese task force returned to Truk on 26 October 1943. Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers Shipbuilding Company.  Refusing to accept the judgement of this organization, Japan withdrew from the League of Nations on the same day. , On 17 October 1943, Kongō again left Truk as part of a larger task force consisting of five battleships, three fleet carriers, eight heavy cruisers, three light cruisers, and numerous destroyers. The Fusō-class battleships (扶桑型戦艦, Fusō-gata senkan) were a pair of dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) before World War I and completed during it. Swanston, Alexander & Swanston, Malcolm (2007). In 1922 Yamashiro became the first battleship in the IJN to successfully launch aircraft. Following the Great Kantō earthquake of September 1923, the capital ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy assisted in rescue work until the end of the month. , On 16 August 1913, Kongō was completed and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy (I.J.N.).  She was refitted to accommodate three Type 90 Model 0 floatplanes, though no aircraft catapults were fitted. PARTIAL HISTORY Sinking History On November 21, 1944 sunk by USS Sealion (SS-315) in the Formosa Strait (Taiwan Strait). She was placed in reserve in December 1923. IJN Kongo 1936. Refrigeration Transport Irako sunk September 24, 1944 .  Following the disastrous loss of four of the Combined Fleet's fast carriers on 4 June 1942, Kondō's force withdrew to Japan. On 25 October, during the Battle off Samar, Kongō—as part of Admiral Kurita's Centre Force—engaged the US 7th Fleet's "Taffy 3", a battlegroup of escort carriers and destroyers. Kongō fought in many major naval actions of the Pacific War during World War II.  The torpedoes flooded two of Kongō's boiler rooms, but she was still able to make 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). Additional rangefinders and searchlights were fitted to her superstructure in January 1932, and Captain Nobutake Kondō assumed command of the vessel in December. These were designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston and were ordered in 1910 in the Japanese Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908.  In November 1924, Kongo docked at Yokosuka, where modifications were made to her main armament, increasing the elevation of her main guns and improving her fire-control systems. An extremely rare World War II Spitfire fighter plane flown by a pilot who later took part in the "Great Escape" was also recovered from a remote Norwegian mountainside last year. This force was disbanded when Attu fell to the U.S. Army before the necessary preparations for a counterattack had been finished. , In April 1923, Kongō gave transportation to Emperor Hirohito during his official visit to the Japanese possession of Taiwan. After a fierce defensive action by the American ships, which sank three Japanese heavy cruisers, Admiral Kurita elected to withdraw, ending the battle. The Hiei was one of the first Japanese ships sunk by the U.S. during World War II. The other two were the British Revenge-class battleship HMS Royal Oak and the Queen Elizabeth-class battleship HMS Barham. Honestly, I'm rooting for DK.  Maneuvering into position at 02:45, Sealion fired six bow torpedoes at Kongō followed by three stern torpedoes at Nagato fifteen minutes later. Beginning in 1929, the Imperial Japanese Navy rebuilt her as a battleship, strengthening her armor and improving her speed and power capabilities.  Over the next two years, Kongō's horizontal armor near her ammunition magazines was strengthened, and the machinery spaces within the hull were given increased torpedo protection. , Kongō's armor was also extensively upgraded. Designed and built in Britain in 1912-1913, Kongo was the last Japanese capital ship built abroad. Twelve days later, Japan issued a warning to Kaiser Wilhelm II of the German Empire, ordering him to withdraw the German troops from their base at Tsingtao, China. Kongō returned to the port of Yokosuka, Japan, on 12 September, and one month later, she was assigned to the First Battleship Division. The wreck of the Empire Wold, a Royal Navy tug, was discovered by coastguards off the coast of Iceland. Kongō reached Sasebo on 22 April. She was one of only three British-built battleships sunk by submarine attack during World War II. The wreck of the Japanese battleship Hiei, sunk on November 14, 1942, was located in the Iron Bottom Sound by R/V Petrel during a late January expedition.  To increase her speed and power, all 36 of her Yarrow boilers were removed, and then replaced with 16 newer boilers, and Brown-Curtis direct-drive turbines were installed. The fleet arrived at Brunei on 28 October..  From 15 February through 20 February 1943, the Third Battleship Division was transferred from Truk to the Kure Naval Base. This time we are taking a look at some battleship game play, featuring the oh so pretty IJN Kongo…  The 6-inch/50 calibre gun was capable of firing both antiaircraft and antiship shells, though the positioning of these guns on Kongō made antiaircraft firing mostly impractical. Jan 1, 2019 - Explore Ron Dwight's board "IJN Kongo" on Pinterest. Salvage Tug Futagami Scuttled 1945 Ojima sunk * "Shallow Tugboat Wreck" sunk ? Her sisters and the other IJN BB wrecks have already been found, (Hiei, Fuso and Yamashiro by Petrel, Musashi by a … From November 1940 to April 1941, additional armor was added to Kongō's armament barbettes and ammunition tubes, while ventilation and firefighting equipment was also improved.  Japan also immediately withdrew from the Washington Naval Treaty and the London Naval Treaty, thus removing all restrictions on the numbers and sizes of her capital warships. warship. Both patrolled briefly off the coast of China before being placed in reserve at the war's end. She was requisitioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Second World War and converted to an armed merchant cruiser.  In December 1918, following the end of the hostilities of World War I, Kongō was placed in "Second Reserve". The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I.Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. The research organization established by Allen has discovered a host of historic military shipwrecks, such as the wrecks of the USS Helena, USS Lexington and the USS Juneau. These guns could fire from eight to 14 rounds per minute, with a barrel lifetime of about 800 to 1,500 rounds. The ship sank on Nov. 10, 1944, with the loss of her 16 crewmembers. A research organization set up by late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen is responsible for the find.  The escort destroyers Hamakaze and Isokaze rescued 237 survivors. The modifications to her hull increased her armor weight from 6,502 to 10,313 long tons, directly violating the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 20:41. The wreck was confirmed on January 31 by the research ship R/V Petrel, part of Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen’s wide-ranging effort to locate the wrecks … On 13 June, Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departed from Tawitawi bound for the Mariana Islands. On 3 August 1914, the German Empire declared war on France and then invaded via Belgium, sparking the beginning of World War I in the West. , On 21 February, Kongō was joined by Haruna, four fast aircraft carriers, five heavy cruisers and numerous support ships in preparation for "Operation J", Japan's invasion of the Dutch East Indies. U S researchers have discovered the wreck of the Imperial Japanese Navy warship Hiei, the first Japanese battleship lost in the Second World War, off the Solomon Islands.. The class was ordered in 1910 in the Japanese Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908. , On 27 May 1942, Kongō sortied with Hiei and the heavy cruisers Atago, Chōkai, Myōkō, and Haguro as part of Admiral Nobutake Kondō's invasion force during the Battle of Midway.  When Britain's "Force Z"—consisting of the battleship Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser Repulse—was quickly defeated by Japan's land-based aircraft from southern Vietnam, Kongō's battlegroup withdrew from Malayan waters.  Kongō was quickly deployed towards the Central Pacific to patrol the sea lines of communication of the German Empire. Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen died in October 2018 from complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. On 25 February, the Third Battleship Division provided cover for air attacks on the Island of Java. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. At 09:12, she sank the destroyer escort Samuel B. Roberts. Last summer a team of scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the University of Delaware located the missing stern of the destroyer USS Abner Read, which was torn off by a Japanese mine in the remote Aleutian Islands. , Kongō and Haruna departed from the Hashirajima fleet anchorage on 29 November 1941 to begin the War in the Pacific as part of the Southern (Malay) Force's Main Body, under the overall command of Vice-Admiral Nobutake Kondō. “HIEI was crippled by a shell from the USS San Francisco on the 13th which disabled the steering gear,” explained RV Petrel, in a Facebook post.  By the time that the Washington Naval Treaty had been fully implemented in Japan, only three classes of World War I type capital ships remained active: the Ise-class battleships, the Kongō-class battlecruisers, and the Fusō-class battleships. A propeller at the Hiei wreck. This battlegroup subsequently sortied from Indochina for three days in mid-December to protect a reinforcement convoy traveling to Malaya, and again on 18 December to cover the Japanese Army's landing at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, in the Philippines.  Kongō's ammunition magazine protection was also strengthened to 4.0 inches (10 cm). It's April Fools, you know! Sailors worked quickly to shore up the damage and kept the main part of the Aber Read’s hull watertight.  On 11 May 1944, Kongō and Admiral Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departed from Lingga bound for Tawitawi, where they were joined by Vice-Admiral Takeo Kurita's "Force C". An Imperial Japenese Navy ship, the battleship Hiei, which sank on November 14, 1942, has been discovered. The plane’s wreck was found in 2018, 74 years after it was shot down during a fierce battle with Japanese forces. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. Kongō Maru sinking at Lae.  In April 1942, Kongō joined five fleet carriers in attacks on Colombo and Trincomalee on Ceylon. The remaining IJN fleet units, including BatDiv3, proceeded into the Sibuyan Sea, where USN carrier aircraft attacked the entire IJN fleet with over 250 aircraft, sinking the super battleship Musashi. Her stern was lengthened by 26 feet (7.9 m) to improve her fineness ratio and her 16 older boilers were removed and then replaced with 11 oil-fired Kampon Boilers and newer geared turbines. Hiei sank sometime in the evening with a loss of 188 of her crew.”, STERN OF US WW II DESTROYER DISCOVERED NEAR REMOTE ALASKAN ISLAND: SURVIVOR RECOUNTS HARROWING DAY. On 16 November, following a US air raid on Brunei, Kongō along with Yamato, Nagato and the rest of the First Fleet, departed from Brunei bound for Kure in preparation for a major reorganization of the fleet and battle repairs. Aber Read ’ s 5-inch guns and intact glass portholes in the Sinking of the off... 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